Risk Assessment and Reduction Strategies for Sustainable Urban Resource Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa – RARSUS

Sector Water & Energy (Engineering and Policy)
Area Algeria, Niger, Germany
Period 1 Jan 2017- 31 Dec 2019
Budget Approx. 798 808 €

Sustainable urban development is a key common challenge for the African continent and globally. A key task in ensuring sustainable development of urban and semi-urban regions lies in an adequate risk management in the supply system of resources like water, energy and food. Such supply is increasingly threatened by risks arising from resource depletion and unsustainable use, weak governance as well as climatic risks. Research collaborations addressing the adaptation of resource supply to the mentioned risks in urban and semi-urban areas present a unique opportunity for long-run interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral higher education endeavour.The overall objective of the project is to establish long-standing research-based higher education cooperation between German and African partners and within Africa in the area of sustainable resource supply management in urban and semi-urban region.

• Hydrological modelling of surface and ground water for estimating water quantity, quality and flood risks, keeping in view the climate change, land use change and population dynamics.
• Harvesting of rain water for adaptation of water availability to climate change.
• Management of urban drainage system for adaptation to climate change.
• Site suitability analysis for ground water recharge in urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.
• Urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry as a strategy for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
• Identification and promotion of open green spaces for climate change adaptation in urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.
• Identification of risks associated to energy supplies like resource depletion, dynamic fuel prices, dependency on imports and regional political unrests and security concerns.
• Adaptation of possible risk mitigation options such as better resource management, promotion of renewables usage, enhancing fuel use efficiencies and introducing new energy policies.
• Awareness to problems associated to the non-sustainable use of available resources, both local (low efficiencies, resource depletion) and global (environmental pollution, climate change).
• Assessment of the potential of renewables in energy supply in specific regions.
• The possible role of renewables to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
• Evaluation of potential to increase agricultural productivity with use of energy solutions and provision of sustainable concepts for the case study region.
Key Activities and Events
• Pilot scale research on key resource supply challenges in urban and semi-urban African areas with participation of relevant stakeholders
• Delivery of training in research and capacity building for university staff, young researchers, as well as practitioners dealing with energy production, urban planning, water supply and agricultural production
• Design and development of e-learning courses for water, energy and agricultural production
• Summer school for knowledge transfer to improve students learning capability and technical skills

Higher Education Partners
• The Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln (University of Applied Sciences)
• Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Niger
• The Center for Development Research (ZEF) at the University of Bonn (UB)
• The United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)
Funding Partner
• German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF)
• DLR, DAAD (second line)